1. . The tops of the high mountains tremble and the tangled wood echoes awesomely with the outcry of beasts: earth quakes and the sea also where fishes shoal. In the precincts of her sanctuaries there were often sacred wells, as at Corinth. Ares God of war and bloodshed. 41. Theoi Project © Copyright 2000 - 2017 Aaron J. Atsma, Netherlands & New Zealand, (Hesiod Theogony 918, Hesiod Works & Days 770, Homer Iliad 1.9 & 21.495, Homer Odyssey 6.100 & 11.318, Homeric Hymn 27 to Artemis, Orphic Hymn 35, Pindar Nemean Ode 6 & 8, Pindar Processional Song on Delos, Callimachus Hymn to Artemis & Hymn to Delos, Apollodorus 1.21 & 3.46, Pausanias 8.9.1 & 8.53.1. Zeus (Greek: Ζευς) is the King of the Olympians and God of the Sky, Weather, Thunderstorms, Lightning bolts, Winds and Clouds. And he it was who used to lead the stag to pasture and the waters of the spring. Aelian, On Animals 12. She touched the goddess' bow : ‘this bow I touch,’ she cried, ‘Be a witness to my virginity.’ Cynthia [Artemis] praised her, and said : ‘Keep the pledge you vowed and you will be my companions' princeps. : ", Pausanias, Description of Greece 2. ", Nonnus, Dionysiaca 48. Taylor) (Greek hymns C3rd B.C. 43. Her sacred tree was the cypress and her animals were the deer, bear and guinea-fowl. Mair) (Greek poet C3rd B.C.) 5. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Nonnus, Dionysiaca 27. 19. A few selected quotes:--, Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. ii. ", Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Say, goddess, thou to me, and I will sing thy saying to others. Strabo, Geography 14. Many other myths are detailed over the following pages. 16, in fin.) In the case of Artemis, it is evident, that new elements and features were added in various places to the ancient local mythus; the worship of one divinity is identified with that of another, and the legends of the two are mixed up into one, or those of the one are transferred to the other, whose legends then sink into oblivion. Lyre; 6. § 3, viii. ), Artemis is moreover, like Apollo, unmarried; she is a maiden divinity never conquered by love. And beyond others thou lovest the Nymphe of Gortyn, Britomartis, slayer of stags, the goodly archer . iii. "The festival [of Artemis at Patrai] begins with a most splendid procession in honor of Artemis, and the maiden officiating as priestess rides last in the procession upon a car yoked to deer. 12. . The man whom she looked graciously upon was prosperous in his fields and flocks, his household was thriving, and he died in old age. The Taurian Artemis. In myth the most celebrated of her sacred animals was the golden-horned Cerynitian Hind which Herakles was sent to fetch as one of his Twelve Labours. "After a female bear appeared in it [the shrine of Artemis at Mounykhia in Attika] and was done away with by the Athenians a famine ensued [i.e. s. v. Braurônia and Diamastigôsis.). When Artemis discovered the girl was pregnant she transformed her into a bear and exiled her to the wilds. "[Artemis] and maiden Aura mounted the car [Artemis' chariot], took reins and whip and drove the horned team [of deer] like a tempest. Artemis' mother Leto was hounded throughout her pregnancy by the jealous goddess Hera but eventually found refuge on the floating island of Delos. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Yea and Kyrene (Cyrene) thou madest thy comrade, to whom on a time thyself didst give two hunting dogs, with whom the maiden daughter of Hypseus beside the Iolkian tomb won the prize.And the fair-haired [Prokris (Procris)] wife of Kephalos (Cephalus), son of Deioneus, O Lady, thou madest thy fellow in the chase and fair Antikleia [mother of Odysseus], they say, thou dist love even as thine own eyes. . . 5 (trans. in Dian. 3. She was the patron of the girl-child, and her health and well-being, entertainment and protection. § 3) found in Aeschylus, Artemis was a daughter of Demeter, and not of Leto, while according to an Egyptian story (Herod. In Ancient Greek religion, Artemis was the chaste Olympian goddess of the hunt and the moon, and the protector of the wilderness, lakes & marshes, and animals and birds. 20 (trans. . . : Artemis' sacred animal was the deer. ", Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3. sent by the goddess as punishment for slaying her sacred bear]. This page describes her attributes, estate, sacred plants and animals. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) Iphigeneia and Orestes brought her image from thence, and landed at Brauron in Attica, whence the goddess derived the name of Brauronia. Artemis as divine huntress has her own stories where she hunts all sorts of animals. Thine is the task to loose the virgin's zone and thou in every work art seen and known. ad Hom. 19. ASPHODEL The asphodel, a grey herb, which was used for animal feed and connected with the underworld, was regarded as being sacred to the goddesses Persephone and Khthonian Artemis (Hekate). Travel Method: Artemis rode a silver chariot pulled … (Callim. What is the Greek god Artemis' animal? There was no connexion between the Arcadian Artemis and Apollo, nor are there any traces here of the ethical character which is so prominent in Artemis, the sister of Apollo. Homer, Odyssey 6. And if I with my bow shall slay some wild creature or monstrous beast, that shall the Kyklopes eat.’ "Thy [Artemis'] chariot, which lightly carry thee in thy splendour, when thou drivest to the house of Zeus. And where first did thy horned team begin to carry thee? 22. [When they had reached their destination] Aura checked her swinging whip, and holding up the prickets with the golden bridles, brought the radiant car of her mistress to a standstill beside the stream. Jones) (Greek travelogue C2nd A.D.) : Pausanias, Description of Greece 8. 22. 4 (trans. Symbol: A bow and arrow, and a stag. . 29 : . "A little beyond the city [of Oiantheia in Phokis] there is a grove of cypress-trees mixed with pines; in the grove is a temple of Artemis with an image.". 6 : Pausanias, Description of Greece 10. ", Callimachus, Hymn 3 to Artemis 5 ff (trans. (1) Artemis Wrath: Callisto Buttmann and Hermann consider this idea of Artemis being the moon as the fundamental one from which all the others are derived. Conway) (Greek lyric C5th B.C.) ", Ovid, Metamorphoses 5. (her father transformed into a hawk by Apollon, Artemis and Hermes). Artemis (Diana) (Artemisa - Diana). On their cattle plague feeds, on their tilth feeds frost, and the old men cut their hair in mourning over their sons, and their wives either are smitten or die in childbirth, or, if they escape, bear birds whereof none stands on upright ankle. essên.). to C1st A.D.) : Statius, Silvae 2. "Here [at Aulis, Boiotia] there is a temple of Artemis with two images of white marble; one carries torches, and the other is like to one shooting an arrow. . here is the mythical scene of the birth [of Apollon and Artemis]. Quiver; 3. Evelyn-White) (Greek epic C7th or 6th B.C.) Melville) (Roman epic C1st B.C. Khesias (Chesias) (Lady of Khesion) and Imbrasia (Lady of Imbrasos), throned in the highest, to thee in thy shrine did Agamemnon dedicate the rudder of his ship, a charm against ill weather, when thou didst bind the winds for him, what time the Akhaian (Achaean) ships sailed to vex the cities of the Teukroi [i.e. 1. 38. Her original character is sufficiently clear from the fact, that her priests were eunuchs, and that her image in the magnificent temple of Ephesus represented her with many breasts (polumastos). It was connected with her cult-centre of Amaranthus in Euboia. Her name at Sparta was Orthia, with reference to the phallus, or because her statue stood erect. Rouse) (Greek epic C5th A.D.) : Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. "[Arethousa] thy hunting-nymphe Diana [Artemis] . 138 ff : Right before Lycaon attacks, the Hunters of Artemis assault Lycaon and his wolves with silver arrows and he flees. And the echo reached unto Sardis and to the Berekynthian range [in Phrygia]. 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