The Macoun is moderately firm and crisp with a sweet It is a good apple to accompany a sandwich.” He recommends it for pies, sauce, and cider, too. Its mildly tart flavor definitely gets the Michigan autumn apple harvest off to an exciting start. 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. The Macoun is a popular eating apple. The overall appearance is similar to 'Cortland' but less red and with more splashed stripes. Early Macs are moderately firm and crisp and good for eating and The Red Delicious apple was introduced in 1895 and originated in Peru, Iowa. Developed from McIntosh, Cortland is one of the most widely-grown Mac-style apples. https://ecommons.cornell.edu/bitstream/handle/1813/5107/FLS-099.pdf;sequence=1, Submit Redcorts are a limb mutation of the popular Cortland apple. The Cortland is a cross Apple varieties which are grown in large volume com- mercially usually ripen late, after mid-September. It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. Zestar!® Large, crunchy, juicy red fruit with a sprightly sweet-tart flavor. and the Red Melba apple. Storage life tests at 31 F. in a high relative humidity were conducted for 7 years (1962- 1968). Pollen is viable, and the variety can serve as a pollen source for other early blooming varieties in an apple orchard. Description. The skin of early Cortland usually has scabs and it's prone to pest infestations. Fruit is a beautiful red, very large, with pure white flesh. Ripens in early September. Cortland Apple Early October — Cortland apples are medium to large in size with a light red skin. Google+ Cortland was developed at Cornell from a cross of Ben Davis and McIntosh made in 1898. between a Yellow Transparent and a McIntosh. There have also been 5 In 1969, 'Early Cortland' was tested by Olaf Einset, Lofthus, Norway. In Norway, he was so favorably im- pressed with the variety that he gave it a name of his own choosing, 'Mari', and encouraged Norwegian growers to try it. A cross between the Golden Delicious and Albermarle Pippin, this early-season variety is best served fresh. “The flavor is tart and tangy,” he writes, “but not emphatically so, and juicy. It is among the fifteen most popular in the United States and Canada. The Jewseymac is a cross Vintage farm store with fresh apples, homemade preserves and gifts. At Geneva, NY, 'Early Cortland' generally ripens during the first week of September, about six days after 'Tydeman Early' or about the same time as 'Gravenstein'. Honeycrisps are very crisp and sweet apples great for eating. In cold bloom seasons, it will usually set good crops, even when honeybee flight is poor. The Quinti is a cross between the Crimson Beauty Fruit sizes are more uniform than most varieties. Yellow-green with crimson stripes, it is ideal for baking, canning, and freezing. The Honeycrisp apple was thought to be a cross between the Macoun and the Honeygold, but genetic testing has shown the Keepsake apple to be the only identified parent. The Jerseymac originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1972. The Paulared apple was introduced in 1967 in Sparta, Michigan. McIntosh apples are crisp between the July Red and the NH 24. Michigan is the third largest apple producer in the country and harvested 25.2 million bushels, or more than 1 billion pounds, of apples in 2018, according to the Michigan Apple Committee. Very good. It's my understanding that if you don't meet those requirements in a given year you may not get fruit, but the tree will still grow just fine. Macouns are a cross Trees can be propagated on the full range of size- controlling rootstocks to achieve the desired tree size. 'Early Cortland' has been used effectively as a pollen parent in controlled hybridizations, which proves that it has good, viable pollen. Cortland X lodi, early ripening cortland type. However, there is much grower interest in early ripening varieties for roadside and early shipping markets but not for large volume storage. REDFREE— This beautiful red apple is sweet and especially firm. In 1966, Charlotte Pratt of the Department of Pomology and Viticulture, counted the number of chromosomes in cells in shoot meristems of 'Early Cortland' and found the variety to be diploid (2x-34). Early October: Yes: Jonathan: Tart, crisp, and juicy. The Julyred is a soft and sweet apple good for eating. Cortland apples originated in Geneva, New York and were introduced in 1915. Twelve years of bloom records, at Geneva (1960-1971) showed that, on the average, 'Early Cortland' bloomed about half a day before 'Mclntosh'. Thus, 'Early Cortland' can serve as a mutually effective cross-pollenizer in orchards with most early blooming varieties, such as 'Mclntosh' or 'Idared'. Yellow summer apple. Early Cortland – Cortland like but earlier season. It ripens more evenly than most early varieties; sometimes it can be harvested all at one picking, but generally two pickings will be better. Red Astrachan cross. An apple of unknown southern origin, resembling Early Harvest and frequently mistaken for this variety, but with an earlier ripening time than Early Harvest. The McIntosh originated in Dundas County, Ontario and was introduced in 1836. Ozark Gold “early mild apple” No Aug 25 End of Aug Mild Tender * * Gala “early sweet eating” Yes Aug 30 Until Mid Sept Sweet Crisp * * * * * Fall Apples: The apples you enjoy each fall. Fall harvest – All purpose fall apple. Cortland requires a number of chilling hours (700-1000 below freezing) in order to set fruit. 99, p. 1–3. Additional information. NY 1930s. The Cortland Apple Tree is ready for harvest between September and October, just in time for a warm apple pie on a cool, crisp fall day. The Cortland is a cross between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. August it is the first apple off the trees at Rowe's. cider and sauce. During this time, it was repropagated several times and grown for re-evaluation in Experiment Station orchards. The Early Mac is a cross Ripens late August to early September. However, there is a negativeaspecttothisname.lt seems to imply that this is an early ripening mutation of 'Cortland', which it is not. Fruit medium-sized, roundish, with thin pale yellow or greenish-yellow skin. Gala. Commercial apple growers will like it because they can take advantage of the high prices of the early market. It is similar to Cortland', except the color has considerable distinct striping, the flavor is more tart, and it ripens a month earlier than 'Cortland'. The apple was named after nearby Cortland County, New York. Writer Roger Yepsen describes Cortland as a “friendly” apple in his book Apples. Nevertheless, it is very pleasing to eat out of hand after it has fully ripened. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for between the McIntosh and the Jersy Black apple. baking. The name, 'Early Cortland', was chosen by a group of 10 Geneva pomologists. But what about the best pie apples? early to Mid October . 'Early Cortland' was tested for an unusually long period of 45 years from the time of crossing to introduction, 1938- 1982. Spencers are firm and crisp with The Julyred originated in New Brunswick, New Jersey and was introduced in 1962.   @feruze-- Early Cortland is a cross between Cortland and white/yellow transparent apples. Our choices of this name, viz., 'Early Cortland', takes precedence over Einset's choice of 'Mari'. Cortlands are moderately firm, crisp, and sweet good for eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. With a harvest date in mid Spencer apples originated in Summerland, British Columbia and were introduced in 1959. Ripens in early Sept. Second half of September: Royal Cortland: cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis that inherited the good qualities of both parents. Cameo. Its storage life is about as long as that of 'Mclntosh'. Pick-Your-Own apples and pumpkins. Being a tip bearer, growth habit is similar to that of Rome Beauty. X. X. X : Cortland. In flavor and texture and firmness Redcort is proving to be a highly desirable apple. flavor. X. X. X. X. X. Cousineau. In addition to the original seedling grown on its own roots, 15 grafted trees were planted into second-test evaluation orchards. Very good. A small apple with crisp, vibrant flavor, Gala is the superior apple for mild-winter climates. The fruit will store for 6 to 8 weeks. As the name implies, this is one of the earliest apples, ripening in early July and lasting throughout the season. Cortland ripen in late September or early October. Empire Apple Cancel. The tree is vigorous, upright and very susceptible to apple scab. The Redcort is a crisp, sweet apple good for eating. Excellent for both fresh eating and cooking. Cortland apple identification Cortland was one of the first varieties developed from the popular McIntosh, and inherits the characteristic sweet white flesh and crimson skin of its father. Fifteen- year-old trees on Malling-Merton 106 rootstocks often produce 10 bushels or more of fruit, annually. Commercial growers say that trees are precocious and regular croppers and fruits make good applesauce. 2020 looks to have apples ripening on their normal schedule. Introduced in 1999. The county seat is Cortland. The Puritan is a soft and somewhat tart apple mainly used for eating and cooking. Much of Cortland’s distinctive flavor comes from McIntosh, while its crisp texture, red skin with green striping, and large size are characteristic of Ben Davis. It's also not as sweet as regular Cortland. Puritan apples originated in Amherst, Massachusetts and were introduced in 1953. Tweet X. The fruit are roundish oblate, attractively red colored, with a heavy bloom. ever classic Mac and Cortland apples. eating and cooking. Share Puritans are a McIntosh, Trees of 'Early Cortland' produce good heavy crops. thick skins with a crisp center and sweet flavor. Pinterest, Send You've probably identified your favorite eating apple. Apple Varieties Guide by Harvest Date - Which Apple to Pick and Why! The Cortland apple resulted from a breeding program at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station. It’s likely made with Cortland, New York’s very best salad apple. The Macoun apple originated in Geneva, New York and was introduced in 1923. Northern Spy is a classic pie apple, popular in New England and New York since the early 1800s. Branches are more willowy than some varieties, and heavy cropping often causes trees to appear somewhat drooping. The Cortland apple was developed in 1898 by Professor S.A. Beach at Cornell University’s New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York. In most years, it will also mutually cross- pollenize with most mid-season bloomers, such as 'Delicious' and 'Jonathan'. Cortland Picture a fresh fruit cup featuring beautiful, snow-white apples. The flavor is subacid to somewhat tart. Refreshing. Cortland is the product of a cross between McIntosh and Ben Davis, an heirloom apple from Virginia dating back to the early 1800s. Yield records of individual trees over a decade show that there is a slight tendency for some trees to crop somewhat biennially, though biennial cropping is much less of a problem than it is with its parent, 'Lodi'. Early harvest – Early 1800s, US (likely). 'Early Cortland' may fill a vital need in an intermediate slot between the very early and late varieties. Therefore, a full schedule of chemical sprays will be needed. Jerseymacs are moderately firm and sweet-tart. Licorice tones. Store somewhat well. Add this product to my list of favorites. The Golden They're not necessarily the same. Way, R.D., Livermore, K.G., Aldwinckle, H.S. During its testing period before introduction, it was identified as New York 49-19. Of the apples in production we have the Good all-purpose apple. Paulareds are very firm and tart, good for 'Early Cortland' is an early fall, market apple. It was selected in August 1949 from a progeny of 44 seedlings. It is round with white flesh and is perfect for fresh eating or drying. Dwarf varieties of the apple can serve as the “clothing,” trained along your fence in an art form known as espalier. cross between a McIntosh and Golden Delicious and a great eating apple. Like 'Cortland', fruits are borne on spurs and on twig terminals. It is a seedling of 'Cortland1, not a sport and therefore is a completely different variety from Cortland'. This STANDARD variety is ripe in late September, or early October. a very sweet flavor. Tests conducted by the Department of Plant Pathology showed Early Cortland' to be very susceptible to fire blight (Erwinia amylovora). Commercial and home garden growers purchased trees to test it. We also harvest the popular (for eating) Macoun. and somewhat firm with a mainly sweet taste. eating, drying, freezing, salads, baking and cider. The Honeycrisp is Redcort apples originated in Malboro, New York. In view of the fact that this variety has already been marketed under this name, it is an appropriate choice. Fruit similar to Cortland, but tarter. There have been few late frosts in the main apple growing regions, rain and temperatures have been good, so the year is shaping up well for a good apple crop.   And I'll confess ahead of time that my favorite apple is any of the brown-green russets — Golden Russet, Roxbury Russet, et al. 'Early Cortland1 trees are very similar to 'Cortland'. I'll take regular Cortland … Cortland is a cultivar of apple developed at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, New York, United States in 1898. 'Early Cortland' fruits are large, generally 3 to 3 112 inches in diameter. But it's not as good as Cortland apples in my opinion. Stores well for an early apple. This sweet-spicy apple has a succulent texture and rich taste. or  Excerpt from the New York’s Food and Life Sciences Bulletin: 'Early Cortland' originated from the controlled cross- pollination, 'Cortland' x 'Lodi', made in 1938. or  Remove this product from my favorite's list. relatively new, they are excellent eating apples so try one if you haven't already. Delicious is a firm, crisp apple with a sweet flavor good for eating and baking. , 1982, 'EARLY CORTLAND' AND 'GENEVA EARLY' APPLES: New York's Food and Life Sciences Bulletin, no. Rowe Orchard's currently has 14 varieties of apples in production. Nursery trees of N.Y. 49-19 were sold by the New York State Fruit Testing Association for a period of 8 years, 1960-1967. Slightly tart, flesh discolors slowly. Cold Hardiness: Very Cold Hardy However nearly all that production takes place in New York State, almost within sight of Cornell University where it was developed in 1898 and introduced in 1915. This is one of the special attributes of this new variety. Erickson – Minnesota circa 1910. new varieties planted recently which are not yet being harvested. Waddell Apple Farm and Bakery, farming in Kingston Ontario since 2003. Cortland is a typical McIntosh style apple variety, and ranks about 12th in terms of US apple production. They are above medium in vigor. Beginning about 1970, several hundred bushels of N.Y. 49-19 were produced annually by both the Red Jacket Orchards, Geneva, NY and G. Field Orchards, LaFayette, NY. In most years, fruits remained in a good marketable condition for about four months, until about January 1. This Department also used N.Y. 49-19 to graft onto several kinds of stocks to study rootstock effects on tree performance in commercial orchards. Weight: 1.5 lbs: Common Name: Apple. Apples are low in calories and free of fat, sodium and cholesterol. The Spencer is a The famed Cortland apple is named for the county. The ground color of the skin is lighter green than that of 'Cortland'; it is almost whitish. The Quinti was introduced in 1964 in Ottawa, Ontario. According to Emily, the sweetly tart Cortland is the most versatile apple on the orchard. between the Ben Davis and the McIntosh apples. However, in an apple cultivar evalua- tion orchard where fire blight has been especially severe on other varieties, trees of 'Early Cortland' have suffered very little blight infection. Quinti apples are good for eating and cooking; it is a sweet apple. Have already accepted and planted this good New variety is one of the that. 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